Goniocladia subpulchra Schulga-Nesterenko, 1955
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A beautiful bryozoan specimen with fenestrate growth condition and many small
chambers on each branch. The chambers were occupied by zooids of the colony
and are seen as small pits on either side of the ridges. The lower images show the
under surface of the colony.
This bryozoan is distinctive in having thick branches that are intergrown in a
fenestrate shape and the openings (fenestrae) are polygonal in shape. Although
Goniocladia has a colony shape similar to that of the fenestellid bryozoans,
it is not related to them; Goniocladia is a cyclostome bryozoan, not a fenestellid
bryozoan. The similarity in shape is an example of convergence in form as unrelated
organisms produce bodies of similar shape during adaptation to the same environmental
conditions: a concept known as homeomorphy.
Phylum Ectoprocta (bryozoans)
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